Also known as Planographic method because no areas are cut away, a design is drawn onto stone with a grease pencil or painted on with liquid tusche. These areas bond with the stone, which is kept wet during inking. The stone is rolled with sticky lithographic ink, which clings to the greasy areas while the wet areas repel ink. Printing takes place in a Lithographic press.
An original print made by incising an image into a copper or zinc plate. In drypoint, a line is engraved directly into the plate with a sharp tool, whereas in etching, a waxy ground is applied to the plate and when hardened, lines are drawn into it. The plate is then etched in acid which bites into the exposed areas. Etching ink is forced into the grooves of the cleaned plate and the surface is polished before printing on paper in an etching press.
Using wood or linoleum, areas of the design are gouged out with various tools. The surface of the plate is inked with a roller or by brush, and printed by hand or in an etching press. The finished print is the direct opposite of Intaglio, that is, the area left is that which is printed.
A monotype is a one off print made by painting on an acrylic or glass sheet and rolling it through the etching press onto fine archival paper. A monoprint is created when other media are added to the printed plate, such as collage, pastel or paint.